What's a Mortgage Pre-Approval?

(April 06, 2017 , posted in Mortgage Information)



Although going through the pre-approval process is important, the actual term ‘pre-approval’ is often misunderstood.

An important point to be clear on is that while you may be pre-approved for a certain mortgage amount, there are several variables that can derail a final approval once you write an offer on a property. As such it is imperative that offers include a condition (or ‘subject’) clause along the lines of ‘subject to receiving and approving satisfactory financing’.

This is arguably the single most important clause in a contract (an inspection being a close second), because without the financing, how will you complete your purchase?

The pre-approval process should be considered more of a personal pre-screening process than anything. It should include a lender review of a current credit report and review of all required income and down payment documents. You should have a clear understanding of the maximum mortgage amount you qualify for along with clarity on the various related costs involved in your specific transaction.

With most lenders pre-approvals involve no formal live review of documents, but your Mortgage Broker can preview them to catch any significant areas of concern such as:

  • Unfiled taxes
  • Unpaid taxes
  • Employment still in a probationary period
  • Clarity around down payment origins
Ultimately the property forms a significant part of a mortgage approval, and so until an offer is written on a specific property, no true approval can be offered.

Furthermore, government changes to lending guidelines and policies can render a pre-approval invalid just a few days later, without warning. Pre-Approvals are not always grandfathered when the lending rules change.

So yes, request a pre-approval, as it gives you a good idea as to your maximum mortgage amount and locks down a rate for you. Always a worthwhile endeavour. It may also allow you to address a few smaller issues with ample time prior to writing your offer. Small issues today can be big issues when in the middle of a live transaction.

Bottom line, please be aware that aside from these key advantages, a pre-approval is not a guarantee of mortgage financing.